The world food price barometer has risen to new peaks, reaching its highest level since July 2011, the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) recently reported.
The FAO Food Price Index, which records monthly fluctuations in the international price of food ingredient baskets, averaged 133.2 points in October, up 3% from September for the third straight month.
The FAO Cereal Price Index rose 3.2% in October from the previous month, with world wheat prices up 5% amid tight global supplies due to reduced harvests in major exporting countries. including Canada, the Russian Federation and the United States. . International prices for all other major cereals also increased month-on-month.
The FAO Vegetable Oil Price Index rose 9.6% in October, hitting a record high. This increase was driven by more stable palm, soybean, sunflower and rapeseed oil quotes. Palm oil prices rose for a fourth straight month in October, largely supported by lingering concerns about weak manufacturing in Malaysia due to a persistent shortage of migrant workers.
The FAO Dairy Price Index rose by 2.6 points from September, influenced by generally firmer global import demand for butter, skim milk powder and whole milk powder amid buyers’ efforts to secure supplies to build stocks. By contrast, cheese prices remained largely stable, as supplies from major producing countries were adequate to meet global import demand.
The FAO Meat Price Index slipped 0.7% from its revised value in September, marking the third monthly decline. International quotations for pig and bovine meats fell amid reduced purchases from China of the former and a sharp decline in quotations for supplies from Brazil of the latter. By contrast, poultry and ovine meat prices rose, boosted by high global demand and low production expansion prospects.
The FAO Sugar Price Index dropped by 1.8% from September, marking the first decline after six consecutive monthly increases. The decline was mainly the result of limited global import demand and prospects of large exportable supplies from India and Thailand as well as a weakening of the Brazilian Real against the US dollar.
Record cereal output in 2021 but stocks set to decline, despite an expected record world cereal production in 2021, global cereal inventories are seen heading for a contraction in 2021/22, according to new forecasts in FAO’s Cereal Supply and Demand Brief, also released recently.
The forecast for world cereal output in 2021 is now pegged at 2 793 million tonne, down by 6.7 million tonne since the previous report in October, largely due to cuts to the estimates of wheat production in the Islamic Republic of Iran, Turkey and the United States of America.
By contrast, global coarse grains output has been revised upwards. An upward revision to maize production was driven by better-than-previously expected yields in Brazil and India and improved prospects in several West African countries. Compared to last year, global cereal production is anticipated to increase and reach a new record level.
Forecast at 2 812 million tonnes, world total cereal utilization in 2021/22 is heading for a 1.7% gain from the 2020/21 estimated level, led by an anticipated increase in global food consumption of wheat, rising in tandem with world population, while foreseen higher feed and industrial uses of maize should also contribute to the expected annual increase.
World cereal stocks by the close of seasons in 2022 are forecast to fall 0.8 percent below their opening levels, to 819 million tonnes. Consequently, the world cereals stocks-to-use ratio is forecast to decline slightly, from 29.4% in 2020/21 to 28.5% in 2021/22, but still indicating an overall comfort level.
Following an upward revision, this month on stronger-than-earlier-anticipated global trade in wheat and rice, world trade in cereals is now forecast to expand and reach a new record in 2021/22 at 478 million tonnes, up 0.3% from the 2020/21 level.