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The Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) has recently come out with its announcement on the standards for ghee in the Official Gazette.

The notified regulations added some more parameters for the ‘ghee standards’ and they include iodine value, saponification value and fatty acid profile.

These standards which are being referred to as the Food Safety and Standards (Food Products Standards and Food Additives) Sixth Amendment Regulations, 2021, are set to come into force from July 01, 2022, except for fatty acid contents for ghee which shall come into force after two years of the publication of these regulations in the Official Gazette.

According to the notified standards, the iodine value for ghee is set at 25-38, while the saponification value is set at 205-235 and ß-sitosterol should be absent.

Apart from that, the moisture value has been fixed at 0.5% max and 99.5% mini milk fat.

The types of fatty acid include saturated fatty acids, including Butyric acid 1 -5%, Hexanoic acid (Caproic acid) 0.5–2.2%, Octanoic acid (Cacprylic acid) 0.4–1.5%, Decanoic acid (Capric acid) 0.8-5%, Dodecanoic acid (Lauric acid) 1.5-4%, Tetradecanoic acid (Myristic acid) 6-13%, Hexadecanoic acid (Palmitic acid) 22-38%, and Octadecanoic acid (Stearic acid) 8-19%.

The mono-unsaturated fatty acid include Hexadecanoic acid (Palmitoleic acid) 0.9-2.8% and Octadecenoic acid (Oleic acid) 19-32%, while the poly unsaturated acids include Octadecadienoic acid (Linoleic acid) 0.5-3.5% and Octadecatrienoic acid 0.3-1.0%.

Additionally, the notification added the definition of dairy analogues. The regulation states that analogue in the dairy context, as referred to in the Regulation 2.1 (of these regulations), means a product in which constituents not derived from milk but take place, in part or in whole, of any milk constituent(s) and the final product resembles, organoleptically and/or functionally, milk or milk product or composite milk product as defined in these regulations.

However, the admixtures of certain dairy products and other ingredients not exclusively derived from milk, sale of which are prohibited as per Food Safety and Standards (Prohibition and Restriction on Sales) Regulations, 2011, are excluded from this definition.

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